Country materials

Examples and case studies from programmes in Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Colombia, East Africa, Ghana, India, Kenya, Nepal, Nicaragua, Uganda and Vietnam.

Kenya - School Health Clubs: Can they change hygiene behaviours?

The project, funded by a Dutch NGO, SIMAVI, concentrated on seven communities and schools. It began in 2001 and ended in 2002. Seven water facilities were provided and through a demonstrative approach, SANA, promoted the construction of environmental sanitation structures (latrines, refuse pits, dish racks). Strong hygiene education awareness was included to ensure replication of the sanitation component. All seven projects were implemented as a water and sanitation package. Each project area targeted a school and the community at large.

Read more or download Kenya.doc (90.0 kB)

Kenya - Seven lead institutions in learning and advocacy partnership: an SSHE pilot project in Kenya

Many nations have succeeded in rapidly increasing primary school enrolment in the effort to achieve universal primary education. However, it has often proved difficult to expand school facilities correspondingly. Too often, classrooms become very crowded and basic facilities for water and sanitation either do not exist or run-down rapidly with over-use and lack of maintenance. The opportunities for children to develop and practice personal hygiene behaviours, is compromised and the schools facilities themselves can promote disease. To address these challenges requires cooperation among the key stakeholders at all levels. This is the story of how solutions to these challenges were sought in Kenya through the partnership of seven key organizations.

Kenya final national mobilization SSHE case study_WEB.pdf (147.3 kB)

Kenya - Women, girls and water: Gender sensitivity in SSHE project in Kisumu District

In Kisumu, SANA obtained funding from the French Government to assist two peri-urban areas: Manyatta ‘B’ and the eastern side of Kogony Sublocation. From each, one school was selected for SSHE: these were Wandiege and Nawa Primary Schools. SANA, in planning SSHE, drew on its experiences in seven school-based Water and Sanitation projects funded by SIMAVI in Kochieng’ East Location, which neighbours the Manyatta Sublocation.

Read more or download Kenya_2.doc (63.5 kB)

Kenya: school handwashing and water treatment programmes not sustained

In Nyanza Province, Kenya, a sustainability evaluation of 55 pilot primary schools 2.5 years after the implementation of the Safe Water System (SWS) intervention revealed that programme activities were not successfully sustained in any of the schools visited. The most common criterion met was drinking water provision.

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Malawi - We can do a much better job! The Malawian process to community based school sanitation

The School Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion (SSHP) program started in 2002 as part of the cooperation between the Government of Malawi and UNICEF. The program focused on rural primary schools and on improving three practices in particular: handwashing, proper use of latrines, and safe handling/storage of drinking water.

Malawi final construction SSHE case study (2)_WEB.pdf (163.3 kB)

Nepal - Piloting school-led water supply and gender sensitive sanitation in Kapilvastu

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is implementing a US$ 50,000 (EUR 41,400) pilot and demonstration activity to pilot test school-led gender sensitive sanitation and hygiene practices in Kapilvastu District through School Management Committees.

Read more or download Inception-Report-Kapilvastu.pdf (1.2 MB)

Nepal - The School Sanitation and Hygiene Education (SSHE) Programme of NEWAH

The purpose of this case study is to disseminate the approach taken by NEWAH, an NGO in Nepal, in its implementation of School Sanitation and Hygiene Education (SSHE). It is a way of sharing NEWAH's experience with similar organisations in the same field. NEWAH has been implementing a package of interventions that it believes is acceptable and effective. This case study is based on the NGO’s documents, reports and evaluations and a review of relevant literature.

Read more or download Nepal.doc (92.0 kB)

Nicaragua -Yes to School Hygiene and Environmental Sanitation Project

A high level of participation and compromise from the school community and various institutions has characterized the programme's development. Today school hygiene is an interesting topic that enjoys the attention of not only those directly involved in the project, but also of local authorities.

Read more or download nicaragua.pdf (12.5 kB)


Hygiene: a crucial piece of the puzzle for the impact of WASH

In this podcast, experts talk about hygiene promotion, handwashing and behaviour change, highlighting an experience in Bhutan.

Hygiene: a crucial piece of the puzzle for the impact of WASH