Country materials

Examples and case studies from programmes in Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Colombia, East Africa, Ghana, India, Kenya, Nepal, Nicaragua, Uganda and Vietnam.

Bangladesh - Learning lessons on sustainability in Bangladesh

It has been observed that beyond the lifetime of the project there tends to be deterioration in the operation and maintenance of facilities, and hygiene education activities taper off. Many of the toilets built in the mid 1990s had fallen into disuse by the beginning of the new phase of the project in 2001 due to lack of maintenance. Anecdotal evidence shows that hygiene promotion efforts, including the maintenance and cleanliness of toilets in the schools, decreased in some schools just five months after the UNICEF supported project came to an end. Interestingly, the community component of this project continues to flourish and in some instances has shown improvements during this same time.

Bangladesh final sustainability SSHE case study_WEB.pdf (124.0 kB)

Bangladesh - School Sanitation: The Story of its Impact on One Village and its School

This paper describes a water, sanitation (WatSan) and hygiene project in one remote Bangladeshi village together with a school sanitation and hygiene education (SSHE) component in the secondary school there. The village is located in the south-western part of Bangladesh. Because such programmes are about people.

Read more or download Bangladesh.doc (61.0 kB)

Bolivia - Technology innovation: solar-heated showers at the Bolivian highlands

How low-cost technology can work to solve a special environmental problem is the subject of this case study.

Bolivia final solar shower SSHE case study_WEB.pdf (194.4 kB)

Burkina Faso - School Sanitation and Hygiene Education experiences in the Ganzourgou province

This case study presents a School Sanitation and Hygiene Education (SSHE) experience in the Ganzourgou province in Burkina Faso. Initiated by the Ministry of Basic Education and Literacy, this pilot project was implemented in 26 schools. It received financial aid from UNICEF and the Dutch Government, and technical support from CREPA (Regional Centre for Low Cost Safe Water and Sanitation). Schools were equipped with water and sanitation facilities, while capacity building and training of teachers, children and communities resulted in change of behaviour and improved living environments.

Read more or download Burkina Faso.doc (51.0 kB)

Colombia - Improving School Sanitation and Hygiene Education using Participatory Diagnosis

This paper describes a UNICEF School Sanitation project in eleven schools in the South-Eastern Department of Cauca in Colombia. A participatory diagnosis methodology was used at the beginning of the project to look at school sanitation and hygiene behaviour, to provide the information needed to improve direct interventions in School Sanitation and Hygiene Education (SSHE).

Read more or download Colombia.doc (72.5 kB)


Hygiene: a crucial piece of the puzzle for the impact of WASH

In this podcast, experts talk about hygiene promotion, handwashing and behaviour change, highlighting an experience in Bhutan.

Hygiene: a crucial piece of the puzzle for the impact of WASH