E-debates inspired by SWASH+ project
Updated - Friday 16 November 2012
There are three WASH in Schools e-debates scheduled for the coming months. The e-debates will take place in the first week of September, October and November 2012 respectively and will focus specifically on WASH in Schools issues. The topics are inspired by questions asked during the implementation of the SWASH+ Project, an action-research school WASH project in Kenya.
First e-debate: 3 - 14 September 2012
The key statement for this first e-debate was “ The proposed indicators on WASH in schools chosen by the JMP Post-2015 Working Groups are a step in the right direction ”. In this first e-debate the focus was on the WASH in Schools targets and indicators [ 1 ] published in the "Draft Long List of Goal Target and Indicator Options for Future Global Monitoring of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene" - http://washurl.net/a4z2t7 .
Second e-debate: 1 - 12 October 2012
The second e-debate focussed on: Funding for direct delivery of school WASH services from NGOs and donors undermines the commitment of national governments and communities . The result of this e-debate was that a narrow majority of participants did not think that external funding undermined national and local commitment.
Third e-debate: 5 - 23 November 2012
The third e-debate will focus on the following statement: Local governments will never be able to generate enough resources to meet their policy obligations .This third e-debate will take place from 5-16 November. Read the announcement .
Please note that the Working Groups are considering the formulation of common targets for WASH in schools.
Water Working Group
By 2030, EVERYBODY has equitable access to a basic water service in their schools
To halve, by 2030, the proportion of people, including disadvantaged groups, without equitable access to a higher water service at school
Sanitation Working Group
By (x), all schools offer adequate sanitation facilities to all users (‘x’ to be defined)
- Percentage of schools with separate and adequate facilities, used by all, for boys and girls
Definition of separate and adequate:
- Separates excreta from human contact and ensures that excreta does not re-enter the immediate environment
- Safe (protects the user from risks such as vermin, falling into the pit etc)
- No more than ‘x’ users per seat or cubicle in schools (‘x’ to be defined)
- Gender specific facilities - separate for girls and boys
- Protects users from culturally-inappropriate exposure or invasion of privacy
- Includes facilities for menstrual hygiene management (disposal for menstrual hygiene management materials)
- Includes facilities for handwashing with soap and water
- Accommodates needs of people with disabilities
Hygiene Working Group
Percentage of schools with a handwashing facility with soap and water (all schools)
Percentage of schools disseminating pragmatic menstrual management information
Percentage of schools that provide gender separated latrines with water and soap and disposal facilities for menstrual materials.
Yes, hygiene and school enrolment are directly proportional
In Bangladesh the standard number of toilets in schools has been set as a minimum of one toilet for every 60 students. However, this is far from being achieved. On average, schools in Bangladesh have half the number of toilets required. However, although 94 per cent of schools have latrines within the compound, a large number remain unusable because they are dirty or broken. In Bangladesh, the lack of separate latrines for girls and menstrual hygiene facilities in secondary schools are major factors in the disproportionate rate of absence and dropout of adolescent girls.
- The Human Right to Water and Sanitation
- WASHplus Weekly: Focus on Menstrual Hygiene Management
- #MenstruationMatters in Bangladeshi schools
- Proceedings of the Menstrual Hygiene Management in Schools Virtual Conference 2014
- Advancing WASH in schools monitoring – new UNICEF publication
- Orlando Hernandez – Behavioral Challenges and Potential Solutions to Reach Universal Sanitation Coverage